Category Archives: Health

What to Do about Infant Reflux?

Babies vomit even after they don’t seem to be a too full or sudden change in position. Parents must be vigilant. This is often a warning phenomenon for babies suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease in newborns. Parents should examine children to avoid dangerous complications like diastolic valve opening, sinusitis, bronchitis.

Reflux in babies – The disease is easy to confuse

Many babies experience vomiting after about 15 minutes of feeding or eating. Frequent vomiting will be very easy for babies to urge a sore throat, swallowing difficulty, and fussy. This is a symptom that makes parents think vomiting is a normal physiological phenomenon in young children. However, the above symptoms show you if your baby gets affected by gastroesophageal reflux disease.

The children suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease, especially infants, are exploding. Besides, the parents are subjective, unable to inform apart between physiological reflux and pathological phenomenon. This has led to several unfortunate consequences, affecting the health of the child. Therefore, parents have recognized the symptoms of the disease earlier and have more knowledge to differentiate these two diseases.

Reflux in babies – Symptoms in infants

Young children having short-term gastroesophageal reflux with a low frequency and do not cause any other symptoms, is physiological reflux. If the baby vomits but remains playful, has good weight gain, there aren’t any signs of wheezing, this can be physiological reflux. Parents can assure these with the physical conditions of their babies. This phenomenon will subside.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease in newborns will occur more often and prolong. Babies will experience some symptoms like

  • Persistent vomiting
  • Slow weight gain
  • Anorexia
  • Thin body for an inability to absorb nutrients
  • Wheezing
  • Recurrent pneumonia
  • Difficulty in breathing

If a child has these symptoms, parents should take the child to see the doctor early to ensure the safety of the child’s health.

Reflux in babies – Parents must be vigilant

Gastritis is very common in babies. In step with statistics, up to 50% of babies under 3 months old have signs of gastroesophageal reflux disease. When children are from 4 to 12 months old, the incidence increases to about 70%. Parents must alert and recognize the symptoms, causes, and treatments of the disease at the earliest. The timely intervention will avoid affecting the child’s health.

Symptoms of gastric reflux in the newborn

Infants with gastroesophageal reflux will cause food to travel back from the stomach to the esophagus without getting in the natural direction from the esophagus to the stomach. The severity of this disease depends on the health and body of every child. Most children with gastroesophageal reflux often follow unusual physical symptoms.

  • Vomiting after suckling, milk drips up the nose
  • Stirring crying, hoarseness
  • Bend over to scale back stomach discomfort
  • Difficulty breathing, wheezing breath
  • Often irritable
  • Chest and stomach pain
  • Slow weight gain, poor physical development
  • Prolonged cough, lung infection, pharyngitis
  • Vomiting with blood, cyanosis, shortness of breath, apnea
  • Diarrhea, constipation
  • The body is thin, pale, not suckling
  • Ear infections, sinusitis, bronchiectasis
  • Awakening in the middle of the night, having trouble sleeping

Causes of gastric reflux in babies

Reflux in babies is a disease caused by many reasons. Determining the precise reason for the disease will help treat the disease more effectively. Here are several foremost common causes that parents must know.

The digestive system is not complete

The baby’s gastrointestinal system is underdeveloped. The muscle ring between the esophagus and also the stomach (lower esophageal sphincter) keeps food within the stomach closed and only opens when the baby swallow. As this organ is underdeveloped in the newborn, the gastroesophageal reflux occurs when the baby gets breastfed.

Milk will go from the mouth down the esophagus into the stomach. Within the stomach, the esophageal sphincter, the diastolic valve muscle are very weak and spongy, causing food to stagnate. This condition will cause gastroesophageal reflux disease in the newborn.

Breastfeeding in an incorrect position

When the newborn’s stomach is horizontal or tilted to the right. If the mother breast-feeds the baby in the wrong position, it will cause gastroesophageal reflux. Milk will flow into the esophagus and mouth as the baby sucks. Some children may choke on milk, vomit blood, nosebleeds, cyanosis, apnea. This may seriously affect the child’s health, especially diseases associated with the respiratory tract steamed.What to Do about Infant Reflux

Other causes

Besides the above reasons, this reflux also occurs for several other causes such as

  • Premature babies, underweight
  • Children often lie on their back, lying too much-making food within the stomach
  • The diet is liquid, soft, so it passes through the openings easily
  • The baby’s body doesn’t adapt to breast milk or formula
  • Children suffer from dangerous diseases like pyloric stenosis, allergic esophagitis, food intolerance

Reflux in a newborn – What should parents do?

Vomiting may be a normal physiological phenomenon in babies. However, this symptom also warns children that they are experiencing health problems. If you notice that your baby has symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease within the newborn baby like fussiness, coughing, vomiting, purple facial skin parents should take the child for early examination and treatment.

Also, parents should pay attention to the subsequent issues to early control of the disease for their children. One of the leading factors contributing to reflux in healthy children is lying on their backs. The lying position is ideal while the baby is sleeping, but not perfect when the baby is awake. The most effective simplest best baby swing for reflux will have various positions for recline.

You can adjust the recliner chair so that your back is straight, but not on your back. Practice swinging after meals rather than lying upright. A baby swing is not a way to cure reflux, it is how to attenuate reflux. Proper lying on your back helps to regulate the flow of food and reduces the risk of choking.

Reflux in babies – Preventive measures

  • The mother should breastfeed the baby in the correct position to avoid lying down.
  • Don’t feed your baby too much and divide it into small meals to avoid vomiting.
  • If the baby is bottle feeding, the mother should not keep the bottle on its side and fill the bottle. When feeding your baby, let the baby’s head position be higher for 15 – 20 minutes. Gently pat the baby’s back when he/she shows signs of belching.
  • During breastfeeding, the mother mustn’t shake but keep the position. Let your baby suck on the left breast first, keep the baby on the right side and move the baby to the right breast so the milk will go down the stomach more easily.
  • Wipe the child’s mouth with warm water.
  • Parents might not arbitrarily use medications for gastroesophageal reflux disease without a doctor’s prescription. Misusing drugs will affect the immune system of the liver, kidneys, and increase the risk of drug resistance, impairing the baby’s health.
  • When the baby shows signs of choking on milk, cyanosis, apnea, the mother should let the baby lie on his/her side, patting the back.
  • Do nasal suction if the baby is choking milk within the nose.
  • Consult your doctor about breastmilk and formula if your baby has a milk allergy.
  • Children must not expose on to tobacco smoke and polluted environment.
  • Don’t allow the baby to lie on his tummy because it will make the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux faster, increasing the risk of sudden death for the newborn.

What to Do about Infant Reflux

Conclusion

Hope the above information will facilitate your better understanding of reflux disease in babies. This is a very common phenomenon in children and always hidden dangers to the baby’s health. Therefore, parents mustn’t be subjective. If you notice that the child’s body shows signs of illness, quickly take the child for early examination. With this disease, parents should pay attention and forestall it from affecting the child’s health.

CPR for Children

Knowing how and when to administer CPR to your child may save his life.  When performed correctly, CPR restores a child’s breathing and circulation until professional help arrives.

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation – a combination of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and chest compressions.  Although reading about CPR will give a basic understanding, every parent should take a CPR course which is available in most towns and cities.

CPR should only be performed if a child is not breathing and should be administered as quickly as possible once it is determined to be necessary.

The basic parts of CPR are easy to remember as A, B, C

  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation.

Airway

  • Turn the child flat, face-up on a hard surface
  • Open airway with a head-tilt/chin-lift

Breathing

  • Keeping the airway open, check for breathing
  • Look to see if chest rises, listen for breaths, feel for breaths on your cheek
  • If the child is not breathing, seal the mouth with your mouth
  • Pinch the nose
  • Give 2 breaths, just enough to make the chest rise
  • Watch for chest to rise with breaths
  • If chest rises – go to C (circulation)
  • If chest does not rise – reposition the head and try 2 more breaths
  • Look in the mouth and remove anything that is blocking the airway

Circulation

  • Open chest clothing
  • Put the heel of one hand between the nipples on the breastbone
  • Push hard and fast
  • Push straight down, 30 pushes at a rate of 100 per minute, let chest come up after each push
  • Give 2 breaths after each 30 pushes
  • Do 5 sets of 30 pushes and 2 breaths.  This should take approximately 2 minutes
  • If not already done, call 911
  • Do CPR until child is responding (starting to move) or until professional help takes over

If breathing but not responding:

  • Stop CPR
  • Watch the breathing until professional help arrives
  • If no injuries, roll the child onto one side

Even if breathing and responding, the child should be taken to the nearest Emergency Room by ambulance.

Bicycle Safety

Although bicycling is fun and teaches children self confidence, they must be taught to cycle safely.

Approximately 250 children in the United States die each year from bicycle-related accidents.  Another half a million are injured. The best way to teach a child to cycle safely is by example.

Bike safety begins with teaching your child how to ride a bike safely.

  • Teach them to balance, steer, and pedal the bike in an open area such as a parking lot or driveway – not in the road
  • Next let them ride on sidewalks – show them that there are cracks, rocks, holes, etc. that they will need to maneuver around
  • Teach them to always stop at the corner and look both ways before preceding across the street
  • Next they will begin riding in the street – ALWAYS ride with the traffic, not against the traffic
  • Stop at all stop signs and obey all traffic signals
  • As their skills advance, they should be taught to use hand signals to indicate a turn

Buying the right bike for your child is essential for bike safety.  Most children can balance a bicycle by four to five years of age.  Make sure the bike is the right size for the rider.  The child should be able to sit on the seat with her feet flat on the ground and the handlebars should be no higher than her shoulders.

Bicycle helmets should be worn at all times while riding a bike.  Three out of four bicycle accidents involve a head injury.  Wearing a helmet could prevent brain damage or even death.

A Bicycle Helmet Should:

  • Be a bright color that is easy for car drivers to see
  • Be lightweight
  • Have wide straps that fit snugly beneath the chin
  • Always have the straps fastened while riding
  • Sit level on the child’s head – do not tilt it forward or backward

Basic safety rules

  • No riding on busy streets
  • Keep at least one hand (preferably two) on the handlebars at all times
  • Ride with the traffic
  • Stop at all stop signs and obey all traffic signals
  • Do not ride too close to parked cars – doors may open suddenly
  • Never wear headphones while riding
  • Only one person on the bike at one time
  • ALWAYS wear a helmet