Articles in the Growth Stages section are divided into three groups: 0-2 Years, 3-5 Years, 6-12 Years Articles for teens 13-18 years will be found in our Teen Spot section.
The following articles will provide information for each age group as specified. Subject matter will range from breastfeeding for the 0-2 years category to bullying in the 6-12 years category.
Go to each section by clkicking these links:
0-2 Years (see below) » 3-5 Years » 6-12 Years
The first year
1-2 Months: Lift their heads when lying on their stomach
2-3 Months: Grasp objects that are placed in their hands
4-6 Months: May roll over onto their sides; can sit propped up
7-9 Months: Pull themselves up to a standing position while holding on to things; begin crawling; increased finger and thumb dexterity
10-12 Months: Can stand without support; begin walking with help
One to two years
» Walk without support
» Take off their clothing
» Walk backwards without support
» Kick a ball
» Stack blocks
Two to three years
» Jump, climb and run
» Turn doorknobs
» Increased finger dexterity
» Draw basic pictures
Three to six years
» Improved coordination
» Hop and skip
» Ride a bicycle
» Draw pictures and color inside the lines
» Print letters of the alphabet
If you have decided to bottle feed your baby, consult with your doctor as to which formula best suits your baby’s needs. You can bond with your baby the same as a mother who breast feeds by always holding your baby when feeding him. If someone else will be feeding your baby, make sure they are aware of the correct way to prepare the formula.
» Bottles and nipples (6 or more of each)
» Bottle and nipple brushes
» Always wash hands with soap and water
» Use pre-washed bottles and nipples (wash in dishwasher if available)
» If formula is in a can, wash off the top of the can before opening and use a clean can opener
» If the formula is a powder or concentrate, run the faucet for a couple of minutes before using the tap water. Boil the water (and let cool) first if using well water.
» Do not use a microwave to warm the baby’s bottle. Use a bottle warmer or place the bottle in a pan of hot water for a few minutes. Always test the formula temperature before giving to the baby.
» Do not prepare the formula ahead of time. Do not save partially used bottles of formula after the baby has nursed from the bottle.
» Hold the baby in your arms with the head a little higher than the body while feeding the baby. Always hold the baby while feeding, never prop the bottle.
» Make sure that the nipple’s holes are large enough so that milk drips at about one drop per second
» Tilt the bottle to allow the milk to fill the nipple before giving to the baby
» Feed the baby until she wants to stop, but every 2-3 ounces burp her by patting her back gently until she burps
» Feed the baby as often as she seems hungry – most babies will develop a pattern of their own
There are numerous benefits for breastfeeding your baby. The most important is the nutritional value provided to the baby. The mother also benefits in many ways including helping the uterus to return to normal and lowering the risks of breast and ovarian cancer.
BENEFITS FOR THE BABY
» Breast milk provides all the vitamins and nutrients that a baby needs the first six months
» Breast milk boosts the baby’s immune system.
» Baby’s that are not breastfed have a higher incident rate of diarrhea and respiratory illnesses.
» Breastfeeding helps prevent babies from developing food and respiratory allergies
» Breastfed babies may have higher IQs according to some studies
» Breastfeeding may reduce the risk of obesity later in life
BENEFITS FOR MOM
» Breastfeeding helps shrink the uterus and burns calories
» Breastfeeding reduces the risk of developing breast, uterine, and ovarian cancer
» Breastfeeding may lessen the chance for developing osteoporosis
» Breastfeeding promotes bonding between the mother and baby
» Breastfeeding can reduce the mother’s stress level and the risk of post-partum depression
» Breastfeeding saves time by not having to prepare a bottle and saves money by not having to buy formula