Babies vomit even after they don’t seem to be a too full or sudden change in position. Parents must be vigilant. This is often a warning phenomenon for babies suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease in newborns. Parents should examine children to avoid dangerous complications like diastolic valve opening, sinusitis, bronchitis.
Reflux in babies – The disease is easy to confuse
Many babies experience vomiting after about 15 minutes of feeding or eating. Frequent vomiting will be very easy for babies to urge a sore throat, swallowing difficulty, and fussy. This is a symptom that makes parents think vomiting is a normal physiological phenomenon in young children. However, the above symptoms show you if your baby gets affected by gastroesophageal reflux disease.
The children suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease, especially infants, are exploding. Besides, the parents are subjective, unable to inform apart between physiological reflux and pathological phenomenon. This has led to several unfortunate consequences, affecting the health of the child. Therefore, parents have recognized the symptoms of the disease earlier and have more knowledge to differentiate these two diseases.
Reflux in babies – Symptoms in infants
Young children having short-term gastroesophageal reflux with a low frequency and do not cause any other symptoms, is physiological reflux. If the baby vomits but remains playful, has good weight gain, there aren’t any signs of wheezing, this can be physiological reflux. Parents can assure these with the physical conditions of their babies. This phenomenon will subside.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease in newborns will occur more often and prolong. Babies will experience some symptoms like
- Persistent vomiting
- Slow weight gain
- Thin body for an inability to absorb nutrients
- Recurrent pneumonia
- Difficulty in breathing
If a child has these symptoms, parents should take the child to see the doctor early to ensure the safety of the child’s health.
Reflux in babies – Parents must be vigilant
Gastritis is very common in babies. In step with statistics, up to 50% of babies under 3 months old have signs of gastroesophageal reflux disease. When children are from 4 to 12 months old, the incidence increases to about 70%. Parents must alert and recognize the symptoms, causes, and treatments of the disease at the earliest. The timely intervention will avoid affecting the child’s health.
Symptoms of gastric reflux in the newborn
Infants with gastroesophageal reflux will cause food to travel back from the stomach to the esophagus without getting in the natural direction from the esophagus to the stomach. The severity of this disease depends on the health and body of every child. Most children with gastroesophageal reflux often follow unusual physical symptoms.
- Vomiting after suckling, milk drips up the nose
- Stirring crying, hoarseness
- Bend over to scale back stomach discomfort
- Difficulty breathing, wheezing breath
- Often irritable
- Chest and stomach pain
- Slow weight gain, poor physical development
- Prolonged cough, lung infection, pharyngitis
- Vomiting with blood, cyanosis, shortness of breath, apnea
- Diarrhea, constipation
- The body is thin, pale, not suckling
- Ear infections, sinusitis, bronchiectasis
- Awakening in the middle of the night, having trouble sleeping
Causes of gastric reflux in babies
Reflux in babies is a disease caused by many reasons. Determining the precise reason for the disease will help treat the disease more effectively. Here are several foremost common causes that parents must know.
The digestive system is not complete
The baby’s gastrointestinal system is underdeveloped. The muscle ring between the esophagus and also the stomach (lower esophageal sphincter) keeps food within the stomach closed and only opens when the baby swallow. As this organ is underdeveloped in the newborn, the gastroesophageal reflux occurs when the baby gets breastfed.
Milk will go from the mouth down the esophagus into the stomach. Within the stomach, the esophageal sphincter, the diastolic valve muscle are very weak and spongy, causing food to stagnate. This condition will cause gastroesophageal reflux disease in the newborn.
Breastfeeding in an incorrect position
When the newborn’s stomach is horizontal or tilted to the right. If the mother breast-feeds the baby in the wrong position, it will cause gastroesophageal reflux. Milk will flow into the esophagus and mouth as the baby sucks. Some children may choke on milk, vomit blood, nosebleeds, cyanosis, apnea. This may seriously affect the child’s health, especially diseases associated with the respiratory tract steamed.
Besides the above reasons, this reflux also occurs for several other causes such as
- Premature babies, underweight
- Children often lie on their back, lying too much-making food within the stomach
- The diet is liquid, soft, so it passes through the openings easily
- The baby’s body doesn’t adapt to breast milk or formula
- Children suffer from dangerous diseases like pyloric stenosis, allergic esophagitis, food intolerance
Reflux in a newborn – What should parents do?
Vomiting may be a normal physiological phenomenon in babies. However, this symptom also warns children that they are experiencing health problems. If you notice that your baby has symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease within the newborn baby like fussiness, coughing, vomiting, purple facial skin parents should take the child for early examination and treatment.
Also, parents should pay attention to the subsequent issues to early control of the disease for their children. One of the leading factors contributing to reflux in healthy children is lying on their backs. The lying position is ideal while the baby is sleeping, but not perfect when the baby is awake. The most effective simplest best baby swing for reflux will have various positions for recline.
You can adjust the recliner chair so that your back is straight, but not on your back. Practice swinging after meals rather than lying upright. A baby swing is not a way to cure reflux, it is how to attenuate reflux. Proper lying on your back helps to regulate the flow of food and reduces the risk of choking.
Reflux in babies – Preventive measures
- The mother should breastfeed the baby in the correct position to avoid lying down.
- Don’t feed your baby too much and divide it into small meals to avoid vomiting.
- If the baby is bottle feeding, the mother should not keep the bottle on its side and fill the bottle. When feeding your baby, let the baby’s head position be higher for 15 – 20 minutes. Gently pat the baby’s back when he/she shows signs of belching.
- During breastfeeding, the mother mustn’t shake but keep the position. Let your baby suck on the left breast first, keep the baby on the right side and move the baby to the right breast so the milk will go down the stomach more easily.
- Wipe the child’s mouth with warm water.
- Parents might not arbitrarily use medications for gastroesophageal reflux disease without a doctor’s prescription. Misusing drugs will affect the immune system of the liver, kidneys, and increase the risk of drug resistance, impairing the baby’s health.
- When the baby shows signs of choking on milk, cyanosis, apnea, the mother should let the baby lie on his/her side, patting the back.
- Do nasal suction if the baby is choking milk within the nose.
- Consult your doctor about breastmilk and formula if your baby has a milk allergy.
- Children must not expose on to tobacco smoke and polluted environment.
- Don’t allow the baby to lie on his tummy because it will make the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux faster, increasing the risk of sudden death for the newborn.
Hope the above information will facilitate your better understanding of reflux disease in babies. This is a very common phenomenon in children and always hidden dangers to the baby’s health. Therefore, parents mustn’t be subjective. If you notice that the child’s body shows signs of illness, quickly take the child for early examination. With this disease, parents should pay attention and forestall it from affecting the child’s health.